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???2019-07-31 ???????????????? ??????????? ??????????8727??

???????? ??? “?????????ū????”????????????????洨????鱻???????“???”, ???????????????????????, 1917?????1919???????????????, ????????????????????????????, ?????????????; 1919?????????????????, ?????????????????????????????????, ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????б?????, ?????????????

?????????? ????????????; ??????; ?洨?????;

????Abstract????Japanese modern literature writer Ryosuke Akutagawa, who “turned his life around with silver tweezers”, was called a“genius”by the literary circle. He produced a great deal of work in his lifetime. Among them, the end of 1917 to the end of 1919 is his creative soaring period. His works showed his confidence in life and unlimited pursuit of art; after the end of 1919, it was the decadent period of his creation. His works also showed that he was full of fear and restlessness towards life, and full of fatigue and tiredness in spirit. This paper takes the works of the above two periods The Death of the Christian and Mandarin Orange as examples for comparative analysis, respectively, and investigates its similarities and differences and reasons.

????Keyword????The Death of the Christian; Mandarin Orange; Ryosuke Akutagawa;

???????????

?????洨???????????25?? (1892) 3??1??, ??????????о????? (?????????????) ???????, ????????????????????????????3??????????????顣????????????????????, ??????????, ?????????????????д??????????????????洨??????????????????????, ???????????????, ??????????????л?, ????????????????????洨????γ????????????????????????????????, ??????????????????????, ???????????????????????????????????????????????, ?洨????????????????, ??1914????1927??13????????????, ????????148?С?, [1] (P2) ?????????“???”??????????????????衢????????????С?????, ????????????????????????С?, ????????????????????????С?????????档

?????????洨???????????????????

?????洨??????о?, ??????????ν???, ???????缪?????????????????????????????????й?洨?о?, ?????????д?????????洨?о?????顣???й?, ?????????洨???????????????????????????????????, ????洨????鼰??????о?????????????, 2005???????????????????????????????洨??????????, ?????????????1921??, 3?????洨?????????????????????????????鵽?й????????????, ???????????????????????洨???????Щ???, ???й?????洨???????????????????1927??, ?洨??????????????????й?, ?й???????γ???, ??洨????鼰????????????????????????1927—1928????????, ??????????????????????????????????????????????????, ????洨?????????????????????, ?й??????????洨????????????????[2] (P45) ????????????洨??????????????????????????, ??1999?????洨??????????????????й???[3] (P178??184)

?????????????????洨???????й?????????ι??????“????????洨??????????”?????, ??洨????о???, ????о???????????洨???????????????????????????????????, ??????о???????????????????????[4] (P15??16) ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????洨????顷????洨??????е?8?????С????????, ????????????8??1????е???????С??????????????, ??????????С??????????????????13???е??????С?????????硷????????洨????????????????, ????????????????洨???????———????????????????, ???????2???:“????????????????? (?洨?????) ?????????????????????????????????, ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????С???, ?????????????????????????????????????????, ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ??????????????????? (????12??———???2??) ??”??????洨???????????????????, ?????5????????11????洨????????, ????12???????2?????????????????8?????С???????????????????л???, ????????????洨?????????????????????????????, ?????????????洨??????????????????????????????????????????, ???????????????????????????, ????????????????????????????????????, ???“????8??3????????13??12????洨?????????”??[4] (P17)

?????????????????????????

??????????????????????洨??????1914????1927??13???????????????????, ????1917????????洨????鴴??????, 1917????1919???????????????, ??1919??5????????????????????????????????

??????????????????????????????

????(?) ???????????????????

?????????????????????????7?? (1918??) 9?o????????????????????????????????洨??????????б??о????????????????, ???洨????鴴???????????????????

???????????????????????????????????????????, ????????????????????????, ????????????????, ?????м?ɡ????????????, ????????????, ????????????????????????, ??????????????????????, ?????????????????ɡ??????????????????, ??????????????????, ??ɡ?????????????, ɡ???????????????????????????????, ??????????????, ??????????????????????????, ?????????????????????, ????????????????????, ?????ɡ????????????????????????????????????, ????????????, ɡ?????????, ???????????????????????????????????????????????????, ?????????“?????????·??????????, ???????????????”[5]?????????????????????????????“????ж?”??????????????

????(??) ?????????????????????

???????????????????????????? (1918??) , ????洨???, ??????????????????????????????????????????????1916?????????????????????ν??????????У??н????, ????????????????, ?????1916?????????????V???????顣????????????????????, ?????????????????????????????????????????????????

???????????, ?洨?????“???????????????”??[5]??????????????????洨?????????????????, ????????洨???С??е????????????????????? (?) ????????:

???????????????, ?????????????????????ε??????????, ?????????ж?, ????????, ???????????????, ????????????????, ?????????, ???3???, ????????????, ???????????????????, ??????????, ???????????????

???????, ???????????????????????, ?????????“????ж?”, ?????“?????????, ??????ν??????????, ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ??ν???????????????????????羰?????”????洨?????????[6] (P66)

????(??) ??????????????????

????С????????????????Cuia do Fecador?? (??????) :“??????????????, ????????, ??????, ??????, ?????λ????”???Imitatione Chnisti?? (????????) :“Ψ?????????, ?????????в??????????”???λ????洨????顶??????????????洨????????л?????????е????????, ????洨????о????????洨??????????????в?????????д???????????, ???????????????, ??????????洨????????????????????????????????????洨???????????, ????????????, ???????????????????????, ?????????????????????????????, ???????????????????????????????????????????, ?洨??????????????, ??????????????????????????????????????????, ?洨?????????????????????????????д?????, ??????????????д??????????????????????????????????????????????????????ν?????, ????????????????????????, ?????????????????????????????

?????????????????????“??????????????, ???????, ??????????????, ?????λ??”?????????????????, ???????????“???????????”??“?????????????????????????”?????????????????????, ?????????????, ??????????????????????С???д??“?????”?????????????“???”???????????????????????????????????洨?????, ??????????“????????????????????”?????????????洨????????????????[7] (P53) ?????????, ?洨????鴴????????????????????????, ????????????????????????????????д, ???????????????????????????

??????????????????????

????(?) ?????????????

????????????洨?????????????? (1919??) 5?·???????3????????????, ????2??????????ó????С???????????????????????, ??????????????顷?????, ?????????????????????????????????????????????????

?????????д????, ????????????????, ?????????????????к???е??????????????????????г?, ??????????????????????????????????????, “??????????”????????, ???????????С?????????????“?????????????????????????????”, ??????????????, Χ????????????Χ??, ?????????С????, ??????????????????????????, ?????????, ???????????????????????????????, ?????????е?????????????????????С????, ???ó????????, ????????????Щ??????, ???ο???????е?????????????????????, ????????????С????, ????????????????????????????, ??????????????, ?????????????????????????????????????С????, С????????????????????, ?ó??????????, ?????????????????????е?????????????????????????, ??????????????, ??????????????????????????????????????????????, ???????С????С????????????, ???????????????????????, ??????“????ж?”??

????(??) ???????????????

???????????????, “??????????洨??????????????????д??????”??[8]???, ????????????????????????鴴?????????д?????????????, ???????????????????????п?, ?????????????μ???, ???????????????, ?????????????????档???????, ????????????????????仯?????????? (1919) ??, ????洨????, ????????????????????, ????????????????, ????????е????????, ?????????Χ??????????????????????????????????????????????????, ??????????????????, ??????С???????????????ж???????????“???????”???????????????????????, ??????????д????????

????(??) ????????????

????1. ??????????С??????????????

?????????????, ???“???????”, “???????????????????????????”??????????????????, ??????????Χ?谵??????????????????, ?????????????????????????????????, ???????, ??????????????????С????????С??????, ??д??“???”??“???????????”??“???”, ?????“???”???????????????????д, ?????????????????????????Χ??????3???????????, С???????????????е??????????к?????

????2. ??????????????

????“?????????, ??δ??????????????, ??????????, ???????????????, ???????????”??????????????????????, ???????????, ??д“????е??г?”??“????С????”???“????Щ???????????”????????????????????????????????????????????????????:“???, ??????????????????????????, ?????????????????????????????”, ?????????????ж?????, ??????????????, ????????????????????????????????

?????坞??????????????????????

????(?) ??????????????———“????ж?”

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????塣????????????????????????????????????????????, ?????????????????, ?????????????????????????????, ????????????????洨???????????????????????????????????С??????????е????????????????????ж?, ????ж?????????????????????????, ?????????Χ????????????????????, ???????????????, ????????????

????(??) ?????????????

????1. С??????

??????????????????????????????, ?????????????????????????????洨????鴴??????????????????, ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ???????8?, ?????????15?, ?????????????????????????5????????????3?, ???????????????????????????5???[9] (P129??130) ????????????????????????????????11????, ??????????????2?[10] (P149) ???洨??????????????????????????????????????????????, ?????洨????????, ???????????????????????????????[10] (P156)

?????????????????????洨?????????????????????????С?????[11] (P159) “??”??????????????????????н??????????????, ?????????????????е????????????Ρ???????????????

????2.????????????????????????????????

?????洨????鱻???????????????, ????д?????ɡ???????????????????????????趋??????????, ?????“?????”????????????????????????????????С??????????????, ??????????????????г??????????, ????????ж?????????????[10] (P157) ??????????????洨, ??????????????, ???????????????????????

?????????????????????????????, ?????????????, ??????????????????????顣???????洨?????????????????, ????????侲?????????????С?

????????????, ??????????????????????????????????, ???????????????, ?????????????????, ????????????, ??д????洨???????????????????????????????????, ?洨???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????д, ?????????????????????, ??????????????????????????????????????е?“????ж?”?????????????????????????, ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ??Χ????ж??????????????????????“?谵”“??????”???????????????????????, ????????????????, ????Χ???????е????????????С?????????????е??????????к?????????“????ж?”, ????????????, ????????????????????????????????

????(??) ????????????????????

????????2?? (1913) 9??, ?洨??????????????, 1914??2??, ???????????????????á?????????????????????????????????????????????????δ????????????, 5?·?????????????, ??????????????洨??????????????????, ????洨?????????????????????????????[12] (10) ????????????е???, 1914????洨????鴴?????????????????, ???1917????洨????鴴???????????????????????:?????????????????????????????????????????????????, ?????????Ρ???????????????????????, ???????????, ??洨?????????????, ???????????, ?洨?????????????????, ???????????????, ????????????????????????, ??????????????????, ?????????????С?, ?????????????????????, ????????????????????[13] (68)

????????6?? (1917) ???????8 (1919) ???, ??洨???????????, ????????????:????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, 1918??2????, 3???????????????С???????????μ?????, ?????????洨??????????У???, ????????????????????????????4?°?????????, ????¥?????????“????”???, ??????????????洨??????????????, ???????????????洨?????“???????????????”??[12] (P13) ?????????“??????? (?洨) ???????????????????????, ??????????????????????, ?????????????????????, ????????????”??[10] (P155)

????????8?? (1919) 5??????????????1927??洨??????????????????????????洨?????????????????“??????????????, ????????????????”, ???????????????????????, ????“???”??“??”?????, ????????洨?????????????, ??????????????????, 1919??3??洨????????????????????, ??????е???????λ????????ζ???????“???”, ????, ??????????????????????????????[11] (P160) ???, 1921?????????????????????????????????????й???3??19????????????洨, ?????e???ò?????涺??????????????й?, 7????????, ???????????, ??????????????????, ??????е????????, ??????????????????????????????????????, ??????????????2?? (1927) ???????, ????????, ???????о?????, ????????????????????, ?????е??????????????????, ?洨?????????????????????, ?????????????????[12] (P17) 7??24??, ?洨??????????????????????????????????????????????????:?????????????????????????????????????????????

????????????D?D?????????a??D?D?????????????????????????????????????, ?????????????????????洨?????????????????, ????????洨???С??е???????????????[14] (P68) ??????????????????????洨??????????????????????????????洨???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ????洨????????????δ????????????????, ??????????е?????

????????????

?????????????????????????????, ?洨????????′????????????????雕?洨???????????????·?????????:1917???????????????, ???????????С????;1917?????1919???????????????, ????????????????????????????, ?????????????;1919??????????????????????????, ?????????????????????????????????, ??????????????????????????????????????????????, ????????????????????????????????д, ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Χ????б?????????????, ??????????????????????????????????????????????????1927??7??24??, ??????????????????????, ????“??????????????”[8]??????????????????????????

?????ο?????

????[1]?洨?????.?洨????顶?й??μ??????[M].??????, ?????, ??, ????:????????????????, 2006.
????[2]??????.?洨???????????汾???:1921-1929.??????????У???.2009 (3) .
????[3] ????????.???洨??????????U?????E?????洨????????????????洨????????x??.[M].????:?????鷿??2001??3??20??????1?????178~184?.
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????[7]????.??洨????????????[J].?????????о?, 1993 (1) .
????[8] ????.????????????ā???[J].?3?, 1922 (7) ??
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????[13] ?????.??????????????洨????须.1942.
????[14] ????.???洨????顺?????????洨??????????????5???????须.[M].????:?????鷿??1999.

    ??????.?洨????顶?????????????????????о?[J].???????????,2019,40(03):112-116+120.
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